Structural Funds: A Regional Analysis of Concentration Level of Projects
Cataldo Ferrarese*, Guido Nannariello°
This study proposes a comparative analysis at regional level of the degree of concentra¬tion of the co-financed expenditure with structural funds, in the 2007/13 programming period. About the principal expenditure types, the fragmentation level of the inter¬ventions is estimated by the Herfindahl-Hirschman concentration index. Indeed part of the literature holds that the concentration of investments in determined sectors or geographic areas is a significant aspect of the politics of development. Analysis needs to be performed both considering the territory and the expenditure type. The results indicate that the average loan is higher in the South than in the Central and North part of the Country.
* Chief Economist OpenEconomics – Roma (corresponding author)
° Ministero dell'Economia e delle Finanze, Ragioneria Generale dello Stato, Servizi Ispettivi di Finanza Pubblica
The Potential Demand for Carsharing by University Students: An Italian Case Study
Romeo Danielis*, Lucia Rotaris*, Andrea Rusich*, Eva Valeri*
The paper presents a methodology to estimate the potential demand for carsharing by university students. The methodology is based on three surveys: a paper-and-pencil questionnaire; a detailed computer-assisted personal interview, and a contingent valu¬ation interview. The data collected are used to operationalize a model that estimates the generalized cost under alternative scenarios, with and without carsharing. A Monte Carlo simulation procedure is used to estimate the probability that a person would use carsharing. The methodology has been tested with students enrolled at the University of Trieste. The main finding is that, under the prevailing conditions, a quite large num¬ber of the sample students (32%) would benefit in terms of generalised cost from the use of carsharing if a private car were unavailable. The model is also used to perform scenario analysis.
* Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche, Aziendali, Matematiche e Statistiche, Università degli Studi di Trieste, P.le Europa, n. 1, 34100 Trieste, e-mail: email@example.com (corresponding author); firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Critical Remarks on the Multi-level Governance (MLG) of EU Macro-regional Strategies
Davide Gianluca Bianchi*
In relation to the objectives of ‘Europe 2020’, the European Union has decided to inno¬vate its approach to the European multi-level governance (MLG) of European territorial co-operation. To this end, the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region (Eusbsr) came into being in 2009, followed in 2011 by the EU Strategy for the Danube Region (Eusdr). Recently the European Council resolved to create two additional macro-regional strat¬egies, the Adriatic-Ionian and the Alpine, which involve some Italian Regions. This is an interesting and innovative approach, which nevertheless empirically confirms the limits of European multi-level governance, in terms of the prevalence of top-down over bottom-up dynamics.
* Éupolis Lombardia (Istituto superiore per la ricerca, la statistica e la formazione), Via Taramelli, 12/F, 20124 Milano, e-mail: Davide.Gianluca.Bianchi@eupolislombardia.it.
A Strategic Place Marketing Model for the Development of Local Territorial Systems (LTS)
Giovanni Pino* and Gianluigi Guido*
Place marketing may be a major lever of territorial development. In many cases, how¬ever, place marketing strategies result in mere promotional initiatives, which are rarely driven by structured strategic planning approaches. This study addresses this issue and uses a strategic marketing model termed Strategic Thrust Analysis (sta) to devise effective development strategies for four Local Territorial Systems, or ltss (i.e. groups of municipalities sharing social, economic, and spatial features) located in a Southern Italian province. A standard procedure to implement the sta is proposed in the article, and marketing implications useful for policymakers are drawn from the results. The limitations of the study and indications for future research are also discussed.
* University of Salento, Piazza Tancredi 7, 73100 Lecce, Italy, e-mail: giovanni pino@unisalento. it (corresponding author).
To Control the Impossible. Urban Planning and Land Consumption in the Challenge for the Future City
Anna Maria Colavitti*, Sergio Serra*
European policies, aimed at reaching the target of zero land consumption by 2050, call for a reflection on the past experiences of environmental preservation actions carried out in different territorial contexts. Authors’ aim is to point out the limits and the opportunities of different regulatory tools, mainly market-based, founded on the development rights transfer for soil protection. These limits and opportunities are compared to the traditional normative.
* Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile, Ambientale e Architettura, Università di Cagliari, via Santa Croce 67, Cagliari, Italia, e:mail: email@example.com (corresponding author); firstname.lastname@example.org.